EU Questionnaire for Ukraine: what does it mean and what data will Ukraine enter?
Ukraine in June may receive the status of a candidate for joining the EU.
President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen handed over to the President of Ukraine Vladimir Zelensky a special questionnaire for Ukraine to obtain the status of a candidate for membership in the European Union. It is an important step towards EU membership, she said, and will be "a basis for discussion" in the coming months.
What is the EU Questionnaire?
Details about the European Union application form for granting candidate status for EU membership рассказал Advisor to the Vice Prime Minister for European and Euro-Atlantic Integration of Ukraine Ivan Nagornyak.
He noted that since 1993, since the Copenhagen criteria were formed, to join the EU, each country had to give answers to the European Union, as far as it meets these criteria.
The criteria require that democratic principles were respected in the state, the principles of freedom and respect for human rights, as well as the principle of the rule of law. Also, the country must have competitive market economy, and should be recognized by common EU rules and standards, including commitment to the goals of political, economic and monetary union.
For example, there are political criteria for joining the European Union. Among other things, they include paragraph about respect and protection of the rights of minorities. So members of such ethnic minorities must be able to maintain their distinct culture and have the right to their mother tongue (so far as this is consistent with respect for the rights of others, as well as democratic procedures and general legality), and they must also not suffer from any form of discrimination.
What will Ukraine contribute to the EU questionnaire?
According to Nahorniak, Ukraine received from the EU the first part of the questionnaire, which contains political and economic criteria. The second part to assess the conformity of our legislation with the laws of the European Union is expected in the near future. He noted that the questionnaire for Ukraine is slightly smaller, than the standard questionnaires that were previously provided to, for example, Bosnia and Herzegovina: their questionnaire contained 655 questions, the answers to which had to be confirmed at all levels of government.
The adviser noted that Ukraine can fill out the questionnaire within a week or two, because since March 11, since the European Council launched the procedure for granting Ukraine candidate status, the government has already been preparing for this. In particular, all the latest questionnaires that the European Commission provided to other states were analyzed - they coincide with each other by about 80%.
“We identified those questions that coincide and began to prepare answers. Therefore, I am convinced that we will not need too much time to respond. After we give answers, the European Commission submits to the European Council its opinion on how Ukraine complies with the Copenhagen criteria and whether we can be given candidate status. This is the main political moment. After that, at a meeting of the European Council, the leaders of the EU, based on the opinion of the European Commission, must finally decide on granting us the status of a candidate for EU membership,” Minister's Adviser said.
“This is the green light for us to join the EU. Roughly speaking, we are now under the umbrella of the EU Neighborhood Policy. From the moment we become a candidate, we will be under the umbrella of the expansion policy.” Nagornyak added.
Как рассказал deputy head of the OP Igor Zhovkva, in the EU questionnaire 40 pages. In it, the EU asked Ukraine 368 questions that the country must answer in order to begin consideration of our application for EU membership in the European Commission. He noted that the volume of the questionnaire is small, since this is the accelerated procedure for joining the EU, which Ukraine demanded.
Zhovkva noted that the landmark of Ukraine is the next regular EU summit on June 23-24: “We must come out of it with the decision of the European Council on granting Ukraine candidate status. And then - the beginning of accession negotiations, which we will try to speed up.
The deputy head of the OP emphasized that our accession to the EU will definitely take place in the coming years. “Unfortunately, not everything depends on us, unfortunately, not all countries think the same way, but we can definitely say that not a single EU country is against it. And each country has a positive trend in relation to the entry of Ukraine. Although the speed of this dynamics is slightly different. We really deserve it, we have made enough efforts both in reforming the economy and in reforming our legislation. And now, repelling Russian aggression, we do not stop a single step to get closer to Europe. We deserve it and we will definitely get it.”
Note that at the moment five countries have candidate status - these are North Macedonia (received candidate status in 2005), Albania (in 2014), Serbia (in 2012), Turkey (in 1999) and Montenegro (in 2010).
We previously reported that in response to the brutal killings in Bucha, The European Union has introduced the fifth package of sanctions against Russia.
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