Eva Antonenko
17 October 2022 10: 15
Headings: News Society

12 people per job: what is happening on the Ukrainian labor market and what vacancies are most in demand

Despite inflation, Ukrainians are not only not being raised, but are being reduced in wages.

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12 people per job: what is happening on the Ukrainian labor market and what vacancies are most in demand

The Ukrainian labor market, which suffered significantly after the start of a full-scale war, continues to be in deep stagnation. We talk about the current situation with work in Ukraine.

One in three have problems accessing work

According to the UN, almost 24 million people have lost their jobs in Ukraine since February 5, 1,2 million of which are refugees who went abroad, and another 3,6 million are people living inside Ukraine.

According to survey from Gradus, at the end of September, the key needs of Ukrainians were money (66%) and access to work (31%). At the same time, internally displaced persons (40%) experience the greatest need for work.

12 people per job: what is happening in the Ukrainian labor market and what vacancies are most in demand - photo 1

According to the survey, 61% of respondents have a job. The majority of employed citizens (74%) continue to receive wages, but only less than a third (27%) are sure that they will continue to receive it.

At the same time, 77% of workers' incomes have decreased since the beginning of the war: most of all, this problem affected IDPs (82%) and Ukrainians over 45 years old.

According to the recruitment portal grc.ua, every second Ukrainian specialist is now actively looking for work - 52,3%, and plan to look for a new place in the near future 16%. Of those who have a job 22,5% receive part-time wages.

Labor market crisis

According to information 24 channels with reference to the data of the State Statistics Service, now on average in Ukraine 1 people apply for 12 job. However, this is the “average temperature for the hospital”, and, according to Gradus, residents of the eastern regions of the country are currently experiencing the greatest need for work.

But there are more vacancies than before the war, now in the western regions of Ukraine, since many businesses moved there as part of the relocation. The Lviv region leads by the largest margin, followed by Ivano-Frankivsk and Transcarpathian regions.

According to grc.ua, 44% of respondents linked the deterioration of their financial situation with the war, and 15% are constantly short of money. Note that this percentage is precisely among those who work, and this figure does not include such socially unprotected segments of the population as the disabled and pensioners, that is, the real number of people in Ukraine who are constantly short of funds is much higher.

Ukrainians are trying to cope with the lack of money with the help of part-time jobs: 6,4% of respondents now have such an income, and another 35% said that they intend to look for a part-time job in the next 3 months.

What about jobs and salaries?

Too much unemployment in the country has led to the fact that employers now dictate the rules on the labor market, since in many cases they literally have a “queue of those who want to”. So, now they practically do not need to fight for personnel and raise wages to retain specialists, which leads to a massive shortage of funds among Ukrainians and an increase in poverty among workers.

Despite high inflation, salaries continue to decline even in hryvnia equivalent. By information OLX Jobs, on average, top vacancies sank in salaries by 5-10%. The most significant changes are observed for construction specialists - wages have decreased by 40%. But call center operators began to earn 84% more.

The most popular vacancies among employers in Ukraine are:

  • sales assistant - UAH 11;
  • production worker - UAH 15;
  • driver - UAH 26;
  • internet marketing, SEO, internet advertising – UAH 19;
  • accountant - 13 854 UAH.

Among the demanded vacancies are also laborers, seamstresses and cooks. In general, over the past month, the demand for blue-collar workers, sales managers, agricultural workers and, partially, builders has increased (after the subsidence of this sector at the beginning of the war).

We also wrote about Why did the price of eggs go up?and told what's going on with car fuel prices.

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